Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Longitudinal research involves the follow up of individuals, households, communities or other groups over time. Life course study focuses on the influences that shape the pathways from conception to adult life and old age. LLCS brings together the broad range of specialist interests in carrying out and using longitudinal and life course research in an international, multi-disciplinary, multi-method framework for enquiry encompassing the social and economic sciences, health sciences, developmental and behavioural sciences, and statistics. Papers are sought reporting research and methodological development, in one or more of these fields, on topics that include, for example: studies of the processes of development and aging including gene-environment interaction; social, cognitive and economic returns to education; origins and consequences of disabling conditions; life course outcomes of early intervention; origins and consequences of social exclusion; comparisons of processes and outcomes over time, between generations, cohorts and countries and between studies.

The purpose of the journal is to provide a platform for life course study by which we mean holistic understanding of human development through analysis of the interactions between processes of development in different life domains, and at different ecological levels (macro, meso, micro) taking account of the historical, socio-economic socio-biological context at all stages of the life course.  Study of these processes helps to identify the ‘critical/sensitive periods’, ‘turning points’ and ‘exposures to risk’ through which the trajectories and transitions that make up the changing life course occur.  The interdisciplinary or more broadly, cross disciplinary stances implied, promote synthesis across the traditional boundaries between the social, behavioural and health science disciplines.  Underpinning the enterprise is methodology originating in measurement and statistics, sometimes discipline based, but more often generic, adapted to address the research questions that the line of enquiry demands.

Although the approach is inclusive, seeking solutions to research problems in whatever disciplinary framework they are embedded, inevitably there are different styles of research and different theoretical emphases, historically determined, that characterise the scope of measurement techniques deployed and the forms of analysis undertaken. Thus in the spectrum of approaches the individual differences and neuro-physiological foundations of psychological explanation and population dynamics of epidemiology  give way to the explanatory frameworks of structural-functionalism, culturalism  and symbolic interactionism in sociology or the rational action principles  of economics. Complicating matters further, different terminology may be used to describe what appears ostensibly to be empirically the same concept and at other times the same terminology may be used to describe what is empirically quite different. For example, A term from economics such as ‘capital’ may be transformed into ‘resource’ in psychology or extended to concepts such as ‘social’, ‘emotional’ or ‘identity’ ‘capital’ in other social science disciplines, where the disciplinary basis of the term,   tied to ideas of ‘investment’ and exchange, tends to disappear.   

We welcome contributions across the whole spectrum but within the integrative framework that the Life Course perspective provides.  We also seek to ensure that all research reporting is accessible to the journal's multi-disciplinary readership.

In establishing the Journal we recognised that the variation in styles of research becomes particularly important in relation to reviewing research papers for publication because the expertise brought to bear must be adequate to understand the style of research as defined by the theoretical foci and methodological stance of the research reported.  Accordingly, while retaining our overarching goal of holistic understanding, we decided to organise peer review in terms of four broad areas: Health Sciences (including a recent sub-division devoted to early life and   child health); Behavioural Sciences and Development; Social and Economic Sciences; Methodology and Statistical Sciences.  The paragraphs following offer guidance in each of these areas on what papers, broadly identified with the style of research falling within them, might be expected to encompass.  Again such division of reviewing interests should not be seen as a rigid demarcation, but merely helpful guidance to enable authors to anticipate the kinds of substantive and methodological issues that reviewers working broadly within them are likely to raise. 

Health Sciences

This section encompasses research on population physical and mental health and illness outcomes at all ages, and influences on pathways to those outcomes. Hence the coverage includes epidemiological research that uses longitudinal and life course data concerned with health at all stages of the life course. The outcomes may include trajectories, for example of development, growth or ageing, as well as events. Influences may include experience or exposure occurring at earlier times, either in terms of generations or, for individuals, from the fetal period onwards. Experience and exposure is broadly defined to include, from a biological base, physical and mental development, behaviour, health and health-related behaviour, personality, and socioeconomic and physical environmental effects. Interest extends further to genetic effects, gene-environment interaction and epigenetics in population health. We welcome reports of research on inter-cohort and inter-generational comparisons, of methodological work on any aspect of longitudinal research on health, from data collection to analysis and archiving, and reports on the status, progress and availability of studies and sources of longitudinal and life course data that include health.

Behavioural Sciences and Development

At times, ‘developmental’ research has been thought of as synonymous with the study of children’s development, with studies of development in childhood and adolescence. We are delighted to publish papers that focus on these early developmental periods. But we interpret the concept of development in a much broader way seeing development as continuing throughout the life course and highlighting the influences that prompt or inhibit development.  Increasing numbers of longitudinal studies now have data that trace participants from the earliest stages of development, tracking the changes that occur well into the adult years.  Results from such studies have proved hugely influential, highlighting both continuities and discontinuities in development, and underscoring the cumulative and interacting influence of early conditions and experiences on development much later in life.   Although psychological perspectives lie at the heart of much behavioural research, many of the most exciting new developments stem from collaborations involving other perspectives such as those from sociology, economics, geography, social ecology, genetics, physiology and epidemiology. Such interdisciplinary work within a life course research framework is enabling ever-richer explorations of the ways in which proximal and more distal environmental influences, and biology, interweave to affect development. The effect of change in the social and physical environment on the processes involved is another area of innovative investigation on which we welcome reports. 

Social and Economic Sciences

We contend that the individual life course starts in the family of origin and develops through a series of events and decisions with regard to education, family and jobs. In recent decades we have witnessed large changes in these respects. Women have become more active in the labour market, young people opt for more education but have recently met with difficulties in getting jobs, and partnerships are more easily formed and more often dissolved than before. We are interested in receiving papers addressing questions about the life trajectories that people typically experience today and how, more precisely, life courses have changed in the post-war period. Which individual outcomes, in terms of class positions, health, economic conditions, and family circumstances, do different trajectories lead to? How has societal change influenced individual life chances and how is individual action structured by societal institutions – family, school, labour market, work organisations, welfare state? How are the choices people make influenced, and sometimes constrained, by class position and by gender? Two related processes influence social change: the aggregation of individual life trajectories; the succession of generations. A change in people's living and working conditions and scope for action will affect their behaviour and this will modify the institutions, whereby the change may become reinforced.  These changes may turn out to be even more critical for the individual when family membership becomes more volatile and single-parent families become more common. Hence family dynamics is an important mediator and re-enforcer of change effects.    We welcome contributions from research addressing these and related issues.

Statistical Sciences and Methodology

The analysis of longitudinal data on individuals is a rapidly expanding field that faces some important issues that may require more complex forms of analysis than many cross-sectional datasets and between them define the scope of the section’s interests.   The first set of issues arise from the fact that repeat measurements, as in growth studies are made on individuals,  so we need to apply appropriate statistical models recognising the  ‘hierarchical structure’ of such data.  In other contexts we may be measuring ‘time to an event’, as in event history analysis or survival analysis. An alternative approach is to treat time as a number of fixed ‘occasions’ or ‘sweeps’ formulating  a series of conditional analyses where variables at later occasions form responses with earlier occasion variables as predictors. Or we might be seeking to identify common patterns in transition data as in sequence analysis using ‘optimal matching’ methods.  The second set of issues arises from the problem of ‘attrition’, where individuals selectively become missing, possibly to return, and where in particular the propensity to be missing cannot be assumed random. Where dropout or attrition occurs, weighting and/or imputation methods will be used to ‘correct’ the data. Dealing with measurement errors and the potential biases they can produce, may similarly involve sophisticated procedures such as structural equation modelling with latent variables. We welcome papers reporting the use of such procedures, where appropriate, but because of the journal’s general readership, their description and interpretation needs to avoid technical exposition as far possible as possible, as well as in the justification for their use. We also welcome papers that seek to introduce novel methodology in this area, possibly used elsewhere, and which may not be familiar to readers of the journal.

The journal is listed in the Elsevier SCOPUS citation database.


Section Policies


A leading article written by one or more of the Senior Editorial Team, as determined by the content of the Issue, and Guest Editors from outside the team for Special Issues. 

  • Heather Joshi
Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Special Section

A Special Section comprises a set of at least three and not more than five papers linked by a common theme, not including the guest editorial.  A Special Issue comprises at least six and not more than nine papers linked by a common theme, not including the guest editorial, and no other independently produced research papers.

See Author Guidelines for more details about Special Sections and Special Issues.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Academic and policy research papers will be published from all fields related to longitudinal and life course studies, from any country, including comparative and methodological studies.  Preferred length is 5,000 words but up to 7,000, and occasionally longer, will be accepted for publication.  All papers will be peer reviewed by a minimum of 3 reviewers - see Author Guidelines for further information.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Research Notes

A brief account of 2000-3000 words, no more, reporting a research finding of interest often extracted from a larger report where more detail is supplied or, less frequently, an interim finding on route to a more comprehensive report.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Study Profile

To keep the readership up to date with new developments in longitudinal research, the Editors welcome overviews of ongoing longitudinal studies, including those which are new or little known, for which Author Guidelines are provided.  Such overviews, normally nbe 3,000-5,000 words, will be reviewed by the Editorial Team supported as needed by additional expert advice and approved for publication by the Executive Editor with the help of the journal’s editors acting as reviewers.

  • Heather Joshi
Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Comment and Debate

Readers are invited to submit short papers (between 1,000 and 3,000 words) as responses to, or commentary on, previously-published papers or other items in LLCS.  The author of the original item will also be offered an opportunity to reply. Such contributions to the journal will be co-authored  by the contributors. 

  • Heather Joshi
Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Keynote Lectures

Edited version of selected key note lectures delivered at the Society for Longitudinal and Life course Studies annual conferences’.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Research Policy Dialogue

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


An examination of a research technique, or family of techniques (such as a branch of statistical method) to inform the reader about the methodological principles underlying them, their application to a research problem with examples and directions to the relevant literature – word length 4,000-7000 words.  Readers are invited to discuss with the Executive Editor or relevant Section Editor their ideas for such tutorials   before submitting an abstract for approval.

  • Heather Joshi
Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed



Readers are invited to send in short textual comment or queries relating to any aspect of recently-published papers, or to related policy matters.

Unchecked Open Submissions Unchecked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Book Review

Books for review should be sent to the Executive Editor who will identify suitable reviewers for them.   Each book review will contain the author's name, title of the book, price and ISBNs for paper and cloth copies, number of pages in the book, and publisher information and address.

  • Heather Joshi
Unchecked Open Submissions Unchecked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Special Issue - Youth in the Great Recession

  • Peter Elias
Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Special Issue: MOLS 2 conference

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Special section - NCDS at 60

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

All manuscripts submitted to this journal will be peer reviewed by a minimum of three reviewers and sometimes more depending on the range of the paper's content. Reviewers will normally be drawn from the journal's Editorial Board. The journal employs a 'blind' review process, where both the referee and author remain unknown to each other throughout; a brief explanation of how this is done is given in the Author Guidelines. These guidelines can be viewed from the website Home Page, without the need to log on, by clicking the link 'For Authors' under the 'Information' subhead in the right-hand panel, then clicking the 'Author Guidelines' link in the text that then appears.


Publication Frequency

Between 2009 and 2014 three issues of LLCS have been be published annually, with each containing on average six peer-reviewed papers and other content under the different section headings. Since 2015 the annual publication output has increased to four issues.



Author Self-Archiving

This journal requires authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal.


Delayed Open Access

The contents of this journal will be available in an open access format 12 month(s) after an issue is published.

Full open access to each issue will be available within twelve months after publication.LLCS is in compliancewith the United Kingdom Research Councils (UK-RC) policy, commencing on 1st April, that all journal papers reporting the results of the research they fund must be available online free of charge to readers.  Under the ‘Green Model‘   of Open Access that the UK-RC endorse, subscription journals such as LLCS meet this requirement providing that ‘approved for publication’ manuscripts are deposited in university on-line repositories or personal websites within 6 months of on-line publication.  Accordingly, authors are requested to co-operate with us in ensuring the policy is upheld by LLCS.



A copy of each published paper is stored in the British Library Archive for on line publication.



Every effort has been made by the editors, publishers and staff of Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, to ensure that the data, information, statements and opinions contained on the LLCS website and in issues of the journal, are neither misleading nor inaccurate. No guarantee as to the completeness, accuracy or lack of bias, of the material in any part of the published issues of the journal, including advertisements, can be given, and no responsibility or liability is accepted by the editors, publishers or staff, for any errors or omissions, or for the consequences of any inaccurate or misleading data, information, opinion or statement.


Ethics and Malpractice Policy

This statement has been adapted from, and borrows substantially from, that produced by the American Physical Society(http://www.aps.org/policy/statements/02_2.cfm ). The journal also adopts the advice provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)(http://publicationethics.org/). The journal editors believe that it is essential that all who participate in producing the journal conduct themselves as authors, reviewers, and editors, in accord with the highest level of professional ethics and standards.


Academic probity. By submitting a manuscript to this journal, each author explicitly confirms that the manuscript meets the highest ethical standards for authors and co-authors. The authors' central obligation is to present a concise, accurate account of the research performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance in the light of methodological and substantive considerations and any further research steps to be taken.

Access to data for re-analysis.

(1) The author should provide others with the possibility of repeating the analysis, unless there are legal restrictions on accessing the data.

(2) A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to public sources of information to permit others to repeat those aspects of the work.Acknowledgement of sources. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others used in a research project must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, should not be used or reported without explicit permission from the investigator with whom the information originated. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, cannot be used without permission of the author of the work being used.


Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the concept, design, execution or interpretation of the research study. All those who have made significant contributions should be offered the opportunity to be listed as co-authors. Other individuals who have contributed to the study should be acknowledged, but not identified as authors. All co-authors share some degree of responsibility for any paper over which they have collaborated. The author (or representative) who submits the paper for publication should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen the final version ofthe paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Sources of support and conflicts of interest

The sources of financial support for the project and data sources should be disclosed. Giving the full name of each funding source, the title of the grant, and the grant reference), and details of all ethical permissions (giving the granting authority and a reference number) as appropriate, and any interests declared.


Plagiarism constitutes unethical scientific behaviour and is never acceptable.

Concurrent submission

It is unethical for an author to publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal of primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently is unethical and unacceptable.

Dealing with errors

When an erroris discovered in a published work, it is the obligation of all authors topromptly retract the paper or correct the results.



The editors of the journal (Executive Editor in collaboration with Section Editors) have the responsibility and authority to accept a submitted paper for publication or to reject it. The lead editor may confer with associate editors or reviewers for an evaluation to use in making this decision.

Unbiased judgment

An editor should give prompt and unbiased consideration to all manuscripts offered for publication, judging each on its merits without regard to race, gender, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors, and respecting the intellectual independence of the authors. Situations that may lead to real or perceived conflicts of interest should be avoided.


The editors should not disclose any information about a manuscript under consideration to anyone other than reviewers and potential reviewers. Unpublished information, arguments, or interpretations disclosed in a submitted manuscript should not be used in an editor's own research except with the consent of the author.

Academic probity. An editor presented with convincing evidence that the substance or conclusions of a published paper are erroneous should promote the publication of a correction or retraction.



Review by independent experts provides advice to the editors concerning the publication of research findings.

Conflicts of interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for competitive gain. Reviewers must disclose conflicts of interest resulting from direct competitive, collaborative, or other relationships with any of the authors, and avoid cases in which such conflicts preclude an objective evaluation.

Decision process.

Reviewers should judge as objectively as they can the quality of the paper and respect the intellectual independence of the authors. In no case is personal criticism appropriate. Reviewers should explain and support their judgments in such a way that editors and authors may understand the basis of their comments.

Guidance to authors

Reviewers should point out relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that a statistic, observation, finding or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity between the manuscript under consideration and any published paperor manuscript submitted concurrently to another journal.


A reviewer should treat a manuscript sent for review as a confidential document. Reviewers should not use or disclose unpublished information, arguments, interpretations or conclusions contained in a manuscript under consideration, except with the consent of the author.


Website terms and conditions

This website is hosted by PKP PS, part of the PKP Publishing Services Network  and managed by the Longitudinal and Life Course Studies (LLCS) management team. References to “we”, “us”, “you” or “our” in these Terms and Conditions are references to the LLCS, part of the Society for Longitudinal and Lifecourse Studies (SLLS), a UK registered charity: Number 1144426.

You may not alter this website in any way or post onto or transmit to this website any material containing software viruses or files which may damage or disrupt the good working order of computer or telecommunications equipment.

LLCS – Privacy Policy

SLLS – Privacy Policy

1. Copyright

1.1   The materials contained on this site are either the copyright of individual contributors or of the Longitudinal and Life Course Studies journal (LLCS).

1.2.   See the Journal’s Copyright Statement for details of copyright relating to published academic work.

2. Use of this website

2.1   The following acts are prohibited in respect of this website and any of the content featured on it:

• Any rental leasing or lending of any material obtained or derived from the website;

• Reproduction, including without limitation the extraction and/or storage in any retrieval system or inclusion in any other computer program or work, without the prior consent of the Longitudinal and Life Course Studies journal (LLCS). If you wish to reproduce any content, you must contact us and we may charge a fee.  Please contact the Journal manager sjeal@slls.org.uk who will be able to advise accordingly.

• Altering, transforming or building upon any content contained in this website.

• All copyrights and trade mark notices, marks, disclaimers and other such elements must be preserved and upheld at all times.

3. Links to third party sites

3.1   This website may contain links to websites and apps operated by third parties. The operation of these websites is outside the Longitudinal and Life Course Studies journal (LLCS) control and you proceed at your own risk. We do not endorse or sponsor, and are not liable for the products, services or content you access through any linked site.

4. Data protection

4.1   We will collect, use, and store your personal details in accordance with our Privacy Policy.

5. General

5.1   If any part of these terms and conditions are not enforceable, this will not affect the enforceability of any other part.

5.2   These terms and conditions are governed by English Law and all disputes will be submitted to the nonexclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts.






In recent years, various EU (European Union) Member States have passed laws that require website owners to inform their visitors of cookies placed by the website, and receive their consent to use certain types of cookies. 

1. What are cookies?

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2. How does this site use cookies?
Our journal publishing system, Open Journal Systems, uses cookies for the purposes of authentication, and which persist for less than two months. 

If you do not wish to receive cookies you can easily modify your web browser to refuse cookies or to notify you when you receive a new cookie (by clicking on the Tools menu). However, should you choose to refuse cookies, you may be unable to access certain parts of the website and it may not function correctly.

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Privacy policy

The Longitudinal and Life Course Studies journal is committed to protecting your privacy. 

If you have any questions about your privacy or this Privacy Policy, please email the Journal manager: sjeal@slls.org.uk 

The Longitudinal and Life Course Studies journal team takes your privacy very seriously and will always do our best to protect your personal information. In this Privacy Policy we will tell you what information we collect and how we use it. If anything is unclear, please let us know.

One of the most important things to say is that we never sell or exchange your personal information with other organisations for marketing purposes.

Please note also that you are in control of how we might hold or use your personal information – see below for more details.

For the purposes of this Privacy Policy "Data Protection Legislation" means EU Directive 95/46/EU, and from 25 May 2018 the General Data Protection Regulation (2016/679), and the UK Data Protection Act 1998.

1. How we collect information

We will collect data from you when you:

  • become an employee of the Journal or the Society;
  • register with the website as a reader or to receive email notifications of our activities;
  • subscribe to the Journal or become a member of the Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies and have access to the website as part of your subscription;
  • agree to be a reviewer or editor for the Journal;
  • if you submit a manuscript to the Journal for publication;
  • you contact us through the following channels: online, email, phone, social media or by post;
  • you visit our website. As you navigate through our website certain technical information is gathered, using various technologies and means, without you personally providing this to us. This information includes internet protocol addresses, internet tags, navigational data ("log files", "server logs", and "clickstream" data), the internet platform you are using and device identifiers. The Journal gathers and records some of this information about your website visit and uses cookies and anonymous identifiers in order to provide you with a better, more individual web experience. Please see our cookie policy (below) for more information on this.
  • We may also collect personal information about you from the public domain, such as from company/institution websites and news archives. 

2. What data we collect

In order to provide our service, we may collect information such as:

  • name;
  • contact details, including email address; and
  • your organisation or affiliation.

In some cases, such as if you are a reviewer or author, you may also be asked to supply additional information (such as your country of domicile) to assist with the editorial or publication process (see ‘Authors, reviewers and editors’ section below for more details). 

If you are the corresponding author and submitting other authors’ personal details as part of the submission process, you must have their permission to do so, and you must inform them of where their data is being stored and how to contact the Journal. 

3. Why we collect your data

Where you supply personal data through the website in order for us to provide you with a service, your data will be used in connection with that service. 

The data you supply means we are able to:

  • provide subscribers with access to subscription-based services;
  • contact you with regard to your subscription or access, to solve user queries and to notify you of any changes to that subscription;
  • alert you to essential Journal activity, such as publication of new issues, open access content and announcements; and
  • consider manuscript submissions for publication and publish accurate information with regard to those manuscripts.

In submitting your details, you are consenting to your data being held by us for these purposes and can change your preferences at any time by contacting us via email at sjeal@slls.org.uk or using the 'Your profile' webpage (see below).

4. Notifications

When you register with the website, as part of your registration, you will receive notifications from the journal based on your role (editor, reviewer, author, subscriber, etc).


As part of your registration as a Reader, you will receive notifications of newly published issues and when material becomes open access. You can choose not to receive these by unticking the ‘Reader’ option in your profile.

Authors, reviewers and editors


We expect that if you submit your work to be considered for publication, you will provide certain personal details required for that process and you consent to be contacted in relation to it. This is regarded by the Journal under the terms of the GDPR legislation as a ‘legitimate interest’.

This means that we will receive, review, edit and publish work submitted by you and use your data for correspondence regarding the peer review process, and to ensure accurate publication and citation. 

It also means we will keep that information on record indefinitely, as part of the Journal’s archive and as evidence for authors that they have been published in the Journal.

Reviewers and editors

We expect that when you are engaged by the Journal as an editor or reviewer, you consent to being contacted by us and for your personal data (including contact details, reviews and opinions and journal correspondence) to be collected, stored and shared internally by us. This is regarded by the Journal under the terms of the GDPR legislation as a ‘legitimate interest’.

We also publish, with permission, the names and affiliations of our editorial board on our website and in each published issue of the Journal.

We will keep information relating to your work with the Journal indefinitely as part of our archive. If you decide to end your role as reviewer or editor, your name will be removed from any public lists (such as the editorial board listing on the website) and we will ask you whether you wish to continue to be contacted by us. You can check or change your preferences at any time by contacting the Journal manager: sjeal@slls.org.uk

5. Who we share data with and why

In order to provide our service and support users of that service, we may share your data with the following parties. By agreeing to this Privacy Policy you are giving us a general written authorisation to do so.

  • The Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies: with regard to subscriptions and access - privacy policy
  • Bristol University Press and its publishing partners, with regard to all aspects of publishing the journal with us. Details are available in the Bristol University Press privacy policy.
  • PKP Publishing Services, the organisation that hosts our journal website and editorial systems: to enable them to host the website and user database, to solve technical user queries and include information in their indexing service.
  • citation services, including CrossRef: to generate DOI numbers and register issues for citation purposes (usually author name, institution and email address (supplied by author) after publication). 

After being published in an issue, the work and published author details are published on our website and shared with indexing and search engine organisations, such as Google, Google ScholarScopus and Clarivate Analytics, and Open Access gateways to enable people to find and cite published academic research.

This list is current as at the date of this Privacy Policy but may change from time to time. We will ensure that any future changes to this list are reflected in this Privacy Policy.

We will not sell or pass on the data you supply to any other third party for marketing purposes.

We may pass some of your data to other organisations if this is required by law or is necessary for the prevention or detection of crime.

You have the right under the legislation to request from the Data Protection Officer copies of personal data relating to yourself that are held by the Journal/Society. Such requests should be made in writing to the address below. It is helpful if you can provide information that may assist us in our search for the data that you are seeking, such as your email address, organisation or details of subscriptions. On receipt of these, the Journal/Society will send you copies of data as soon as possible, and in any event within 30 days, provided exemptions specified by the legislation do not apply. 

While there is no charge for an initial request, a small administrative charge will be made for further requests or requests that the Journal feels are ‘unfounded or excessive’ under the terms of the GDPR. The Journal also has the right to refuse requests on these grounds.

Sarah Jeal
Journal manager

6. How long we keep your data

We will hold your personal information on our systems for as long as is necessary for the relevant activity. 

Subscribers/registered readers

We will keep your data for as long as you have an active subscription with the Journal or, if you are registered as a Reader, for 6 years after your last log-in date.

If you no longer have a subscription, or have not accessed the website, we will keep your data for 6 years, unless you request for it to be removed before that date.

You can ask for your data to be removed at any time, but this may affect your subscription or your access to the subscriber-based content of the website. If you would like advice or guidance, please contact the Journal manager via email: sjeal@sll.org.uk

Editorial registrants

If you are registered with us as a reviewer, author or for another editorial purpose, we will keep data associated with the publication process (such as correspondence about, or anonymous reviews submitted regarding submissions) indefinitely as part of the Journal’s submission archive. Data relating to online access to the Journal management system will be kept for 6 years from the last website log-in date.

7. How do we protect your information? 

We implement appropriate technical and organisational security measures to protect your information and keep it confidential, including SSL technology, encryption and firewalls.  

8. How do you change your preferences

  • You can change your mind about the consent you have given us for our marketing activities at any time.
  • You can ask us to stop using your information for any of the purposes listed above at any time.
  • You can request to see the information we hold about you at any time and ask us to correct, delete or restrict it. Please note there may be a small charge to cover administrative costs if you make multiple requests.
  • You also have the right to ask us to move, copy or transfer the information we hold about you from our own IT environment to another of your choosing, in a safe and secure way.

You can change your email notification preferences at any time via the website by going to your profile page and checking/unchecking the Reader box. By unchecking this box, you will no longer receive emails from the Journal, unless you become an author, editor or reviewer, when you will receive correspondence from us regarding the editorial process.

If you want to check or need help changing your email preferences, or need advice, please contact the Journal manager: sjeal@slls.org.uk

For subscription queries, please contact the Society:
SLLS, 6 New Exeter Street
Chudleigh, Newton Abbot
Devon, TQ13 0DB
United Kingdom
T: +44 (0) 1626 683101
E: info@slls.org.uk

If you are not happy with the way we have processed your data you can make a complaint to us at sjeal@slls.org.uk. And if you aren’t happy with our response you have the right to lodge a complaint with the UK's Data Protection Authority - the Information Commissioner’s Office. Alternatively, you can go directly to them.

9. Changes to this Privacy Policy

This policy will be reviewed at least annually. The next review is planned for April 2019. If we make significant changes we will publish them clearly on our website or contact you directly with more information.


In recent years, various EU (European Union) Member States have passed laws that require website owners to inform their visitors of cookies placed by the website, and receive their consent to use certain types of cookies. 

1. What are cookies?

A cookie is a file that is stored on the hard drive of your computer to enable the website to recognise your computer (they cannot in themselves be used to identify you). An anonymous identifier is a random string of characters that is used for the same purposes as a cookie on platforms, including certain mobile devices, where cookie technology is not available. 

2. How does this site use cookies?
Our journal publishing system, Open Journal Systems, uses cookies for the purposes of authentication, and which persist for less than two months. 

If you do not wish to receive cookies you can easily modify your web browser to refuse cookies or to notify you when you receive a new cookie (by clicking on the Tools menu). However, should you choose to refuse cookies, you may be unable to access certain parts of the website and it may not function correctly.

For more information about cookies and for instructions on how to stop cookies being installed on your computer, please see www.bbc.co.uk/webwise/guides/about-cookies or http://www.allaboutcookies.org

This journal uses cookies in order to provide necessary site functionality such as authentication. For more information please see our cookies policy.